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Cannabis Extraction Equipment- Top 3 Methods

Cannabis Extraction Equipment Financing: Co2 Extractors, Hydrocarbon Extractors, and Ethanol Evaporation systems.

Program Guidelines

Established Cannabis Businesses

  • Equipment Cost: $25,000- $1,000,000
  • Minimum FICO: 580 (600 Preferred)
  • Terms: 36-48 Months
  • 2 years time in business or greater required
  • Personal Guarantee required for any person or entity owning 1% or greater.
  • Equipment up to $75,000:
    • Credit Application
    • Last 6 months Business Bank Statements
  • Equipment up to $100,000:
    • All requirements for $75,000
    • 1 year Personal and Business Tax Returns
    • Current Interims- YTD Profit & Loss and Balance Sheet 
  • Equipment up to $1,000,000:
    • All requirements for $75,000
    • Personal Financial Statement
    • 2 years Personal and Business Tax Returns
    • Current Interims- YTD Profit & Loss and Balance Sheet

Start-up Cannabis Businesses

  • Equipment Cost: $25,000- $1,000,000
  • Minimum FICO: 580 (600 Preferred)
  • Terms: 36-48 Months
  • Personal Guarantee required for any person or entity owning 1% or greater.
  • Credit Application
  • Last 6 months Personal Bank Statements and Any Business
  • Personal Financial Statement
  • Start-up Questionnaire
  • 2 years Personal and Business Tax Returns
  • Current Interims- YTD Profit & Loss and Balance Sheet

Cannabis Extraction Equipment We Finance

CO2 Extractors

Cannabis Extraction Methods Supercritical vs Subcritical
Source: Asia Mayfield for Extraction Magazine https://extractionmagazine.com/category/applied-technology/subcritical-versus-supercritical-co2-extraction

Co2 Extraction

This type of Cannabis Extraction Equipment makes use of Carbon Dioxide, or Co2, in a range of states (subcritical, mid-critical, and supercritical) to pull out the Trichomes and Terpene Oils. Co2 has been used in the pharmaceutical industry for many years, and interestingly enough, also used in the food industry. Co2 is used to de-caffeinate coffee, add the bubbles to your soda or beer, or keep meats and veggies fresh.

Co2 is generally considered safe to use under proper training and conditions. It is non-combustible and provides a pure and potent end product.

Supercritical Co2 Extraction (or you might have heard sCO2 extraction or SFE)

During supercritical extraction, liquid carbon dioxide is heated and put under pressure until it reaches its supercritical state. During the supercritical state Co2 turns into a combination of gas and liquid simultaneously. That mixture is then forced through the raw cannabis material, stripping the trichomes and terpene oils from it. From there the Co2 is separated from the extract, condensed and returned to its holding tank. (Source)

Subcritical Extraction

Subcritical Extraction involves low temperatures and low pressure. Subcritical extractions take longer than their supercritical counterparts and also produce a smaller yield. While it retains the terpenes, essential oils and other sensitive materials, it doesn’t extract larger molecules such as chlorophyll and omega 3 and 6. The benefit of subcritical extraction, however, is that it is less likely to damage terpenes. (Source)

Mid-Critical Extraction

Mid-critical is simply a general range between subcritical and supercritical. Some companies combine supercritical and subcritical to create a full-spectrum CO2 cannabis extract. They use the subcritical extraction method to separate the drawn-out oil and draw out the very same plant material using supercritical pressure. The oils are then homogenized into one which creates an amalgamated oil. This is known as the CO2 Total Extraction Process. (Source)

Pros:

Whether using sub- or supercritical extraction, CO2 is considered safe for human consumption and is non-combustable. CO2 Extraction is considered highly efficient because it can be tailored to target specific compounds depending on strain. CO2 Extraction produces highly potent cannabinoids, free of chlorophyll with minimal risk of contaminants.

Cons:

C02 Extraction equipment is expensive per biomass unit produced. Technical skill is required to properly and safely run the machinery.

  • Vape Cartridges
  • Applicators/Syringe
  • Tinctures
  • Ointment and Slaves
  • Capsules 

How CO2 Cannabis Extraction Equipment Works

Ethanol Evaporation Systems

Often deemed the universal solvent, C2H5OH or Ethanol, is great for extracting polar and non-polar substances. This type of cannabis extraction equipment allows for chlorophyll, pigments, and tannins to be dissolved while keeping waxes, lipids, oils, cannabinoids, and terpenes. 

Unlike Supercritical CO2 or Hydrocarbon, Ethanol doesn’t require high pressure for extraction. Depending on the desired end product, ethanol can used warm, cold, or room temperature.

Ethanol produces a full spectrum concentrate, but will need further refinement/winterization if going for isolates. Full spectrum concentrate is often desired for its “entourage effect”. 

Pros:

Doesn’t require high pressure.

Can eliminate the need for dewaxing or winterization.

Cons:

Ethanol has a much higher boiling point than Hydrocarbon, making recovery process slower and more difficult.

Limited in the amount of products it can produce.

Post processing is very labor intensive and requires the use of many different methods of refinement. 

  • Tinctures
  • Edibles
  • Full Spectrum Extracts (FSE)
  • Crude Oil

How Ethanol Evaporation Systems Work

Hydrocarbon Extraction

This type of cannabis extraction equipment involves the use of hydrocarbons as a solvent. The hydrocarbons are typically Butane or Propane; which are are isolated and extracted through the refinement process of petroleum.

Hydrocarbons are a class 2 flammable liquefiable gas that the FDA has generally recognized as safe. Due to their low boiling points, they are perfect for cold-boiling; this leaves the heat sensitive terpenes intact. 

Pros:

Hydrocarbon systems use low pressure (generally 0 to 30psi) closed loop systems as opposed to SCCO2; which operate at a multitude of much higher pressure and temperature combinations.

Can be combined with other hydrocarbons (mixing Butane with Propane for example)

The costs of reagents is low and plentiful.

Cons:

As flammable substances, hydrocarbon can be dangerous to work with if it is not properly handled. Storage and operation can become costly when keeping up with regulatory compliance. 

Due to the infancy of the industry, there are not a lot of options when it comes to purchasing automated equipment; which also makes it expensive as well as limited. Additionally, being more hands on, labor costs can also be high.

  • Shatter
  • Pull and Snap
  • Crumble
  • Budder
  • Wax
  • Sap
  • Oil
  • Edibles
  • Vape Cartridges

How Hydrocarbon Cannabis Extraction Equipment Works

Need more information Co2 Extraction vs. Ethanol Evaporation vs. Hydrocarbon Extraction? Check out this video!

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Cannabis Testing Equipment

We know it’s important for your cannabis products to have only the good stuff in them. Heavy metals, mold, potency, etc. all effect your brand in a negative, or positive way; not mention can get you into trouble with varies governmental agencies.

Cannabis Trimmers & Harvestors

Cannabis Processing & Packaging Equipment

With so many new brands and different market shares, it’s important to get noticed, stay fresh, eliminate waste, and keep costs down. Match the system you need, with the one you want.

Financing Done Right

Now is the time to grow your business. Envision Finance is here to help you succeed!

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